Hard History

I came across the story below and it amazed me that less than 8% of students in the cited survey knew that the Civil War was fought to preserve slavery. Here is a little bit about that:

Just a third of students correctly identified the law that officially ended slavery, the 13th Amendment, and fewer than half knew of the Middle Passage. Most alarming, though, were the results to this question:

Which was the reason the South seceded from the Union?

2018-02-04_09-42-37.pnga. To preserve states’ rights

b. To preserve slavery

c. To protest taxes on imported goods

d. To avoid rapid industrialization

e. Not sure
Nearly half blamed taxes on imported goods. Perhaps, the report’s authors guessed, students were confusing the Civil War with the Revolutionary War.

How many students chose slavery as the reason the South seceded?

Eight percent.

“Slavery is hard history,” writes Hasan Kwame Jeffries in the report’s preface. He is an associate professor of history at The Ohio State University and chair of the Teaching Hard History Advisory Board. “It is hard to comprehend the inhumanity that defined it. It is hard to discuss the violence that sustained it. It is hard to teach the ideology of white supremacy that justified it. And it is hard to learn about those who abided it.”

via Why Schools Fail To Teach Slavery’s ‘Hard History’ : NPR Ed : NPR

I like the term “Hard History” it implies that we ignore or downplay recognizing the dark side of the US and only remember what is “good”. Of course, that brings to mind the quote “history belongs to the victors”.

I kinda think a big part of the problem with students not understanding the hard history of the Civil War is that the folks in the Southern States still will not recognize that it was fought to be able to continue owning another person.  And of course, they tell this same tale to their children.

We have to recognize our dark history in order to keep from repeating it.  For me, the hardest history is that the founding of this country was based on the largest genocide the world has ever known. At the time of the first European colonies, it is estimated that there were about 80 million people already living in North America, some in very sophisticated societies.  As we spread west we systematically destroyed each civilization we encountered.  The mentality went something like “they are all just savages, not real people” or to some it is our Manifest Destiny meaning God’s will that we take over this continent.

Yeah, hard history is hard…but necessary to remember.


Banner ISOA   I ran across a rather startling picture at the Andrew Johnson Historic site in northern Tennessee this year.  Before I talk about that, I was thoroughly amazed at how Johnson’s hometown managed to spin the story of him to make him appear to be a heroic figure which is very contrary to most public opinion.

I guess I have not come across too many photos showing how intrinsic slavery was to the southern States.   This picture, according to the legend below it, was taken in Atlanta in 1864 just after the Emancipation Proclamation.  The “Auction & Negro Sales” store was in the same row with all the storefronts.  Sadly selling human beings was just the way it was in those days.

Slavery Auction - Atlanta.jpg

If you want to see more details click on the picture for a larger view.